The concept of quantum physics had baffled physicists in the past centuries. But a team of researchers was able to take a glimpse of what quantum effects look like as it happens naturally.
For the first time in the history of modern science, scientists have crossed the so-called quantum limit in a groundbreaking experiment. This, could potentially make nonsensical concepts into a reality, including the microscopic world of “Alice in the Wonderland”.
Paradox of Schrodinger’s Cat
Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) could perhaps solve the centuries-old mystery behind the paradox of Schrodinger’s cat. Both Alice’s world and Schrodinger’s cat posit that an object can both exist in two realities at the same time, in a way.
But these theories remained a popular subject of debate within the scientific circle, as they defy some laws of nature. Through an experiment, however, physicists were able to freeze a microscopic drum below the quantum limit.
In a statement, NIST physicist John Teufel, said that their study does not only provide theoretical basis for quantum effects. Their findings would have practical significance in some industries, including improving computer hardware and other applications.
“The colder you can get the drum, the better it is for any application. Sensors would become more sensitive. You can store information longer. If you were using it in a quantum computer, then you would compute without distortion, and you would actually get the answer you want,” Teufel said in the statement.
Teufel, who led the team of NIST physicists, said even experts in the field were surprised by their findings. Their experiment will not only benefit the field of theoretical physics, but also in other industries.
This is the first time that a quantum effect was observed on a scale large enough to be seen by the naked eye. In order to prove their hypothesis, scientists have cooled a tiny aluminum drum at minus 273.15 degrees Celsius. The drum was frozen using a microwave light.
In their experiment, Teufel and his team were able to squeeze the light. This, as reported by the Independent, has enabled the researchers to cool the drum in a point that was never thought to be possible before.
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