The development of the nuclear weapons technology started during the 1930s and 1940s. The first use of nuclear weapons was detonated over Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945. Many experts claimed that the U.S. nuclear bombings of Japan are one of the major factors that stopped World War 2.
Nuclear weapons technology continues in its advancement
The devastating power dropped over Japan brought sheer terror to the world as it annihilated more than 200,000 people. After the world saw the devastating power of the nuclear weapons, there had been a concern on controlling the proliferation of nuclear weapons. It remained to be an important issue in the international community. Basically, despite the nuclear advancement of some countries, nuclear weapons only saw its use twice in the history of mankind.
On August 6, 1945, the U.S. dropped a uranium gun-type bomb called Little Boy on Hiroshima. At the time, American President Harry S. Truman called for Japan’s surrender. He warned Japan to expect a “ rain of ruin from the air, the like of which has never been seen on this earth.”
At the time of Hiroshima bombing, the city had industrial and military significance. Hiroshima served as a minor supply and logistics base for the Japanese military but it had large stockpiles of military supplies. Additionally, the city was a communications center. It is also a key port for shipping and an assembly area for troops. The city was a beehive of Japan’s war industry. It manufactured parts of planes, boats, bombs rifles and handguns.
Hiroshima residents wondered why the U.S. spared their city from constant firebombing. Somme speculated that the U.S. might be planning to use Hiroshima as an occupation headquarter. Others thought that their relatives in Hawaii and California petitioned the U.S. government to avoid bombing Hiroshima. Still, the inevitable came to pass, killing hundreds of thousands of lives.
Three days after the Hiroshima bombing, a plutonium implosion-type bomb called Fat Man dropped on Nagasaki. The city had been one of the largest seaports in Japan. It served great importance because of its industrial activity in producing ordinance, military equipment, ships and other war materials.
The primary target for the Fat Man was Kokura, while Nagasaki served as the secondary target. Fat Man was more powerful than Little Boy. Although the bomb was more powerful than the one from Hiroshima. However, the hillsides of Nagasaki confined the effect of the Fat Man. Hiroshima had a massive firestorm that killed more people while Fat Man did not manage to create a whirl of firestorms.
The blast from the bombs disintegrated some people. Roughly half of the deaths occurred on the first day. The first four months of the bombings saw large numbers of people dying from the effects of radiation sickness, burns, and other injuries. Most of the dead were civilians.
Countries with nuclear weapons
Currently, there are nine countries who have nuclear weapons in their arsenal. Under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, five countries are considered as ‘nuclear-weapon’ states. The five countries with nuclear weapons are United States, United Kingdom, Russia, China, and France. The other four were Pakistan, India, North Korea and Israel. However, Israel did not admit that they are developing their nuclear weaponry. The international community knows that Israel has nuclear weapons though it remains undisclosed.